Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that’s found in all the cells in your body. High levels can increase risk of heart attack or stroke.

What are the main causes of cholesterol?

Many different factors can contribute to high blood cholesterol, including lifestyle factors like smoking, an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise, as well as having an underlying condition, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.

What happens when the cholesterol is high?

With high cholesterol, you can develop fatty deposits in your blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits grow, making it difficult for enough blood to flow through your arteries. Sometimes, those deposits can break suddenly and form a clot that causes a heart attack or stroke.

How can I lower cholesterol with diet?

  • Choose healthier fats. You should limit both total fat and saturated fat. .
  • Limit foods with cholesterol.
  • Eat plenty of soluble fiber.
  • Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
  • Eat fish that are high in omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Limit salt intake.
  • Limit alcohol.

Can Cholesterol be lowered with medication?

Several types of medicines help lower. Statin drugs lower LDL by slowing down the liver’s production of it. They also increase the liver’s ability to remove LDL cholesterol that is already in the blood.

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